I was born in Middlesex, near Heathrow Airport, but we moved to Surrey when I was a child and from there, just missing the last year of grammar school entry, I went to an independent school in London on a county scholarship. I went up to Cambridge to read History in 1983, and was so excited by the revolutionary moves then afoot in late medieval political history that I stayed on to do a PhD there, working with Christine Carpenter. I first came to Oxford in 1990, as a Junior Research Fellow at Merton College, and spent the next three years reading widely and beginning to convert my doctoral thesis into a book, Henry VI and the Politics of Kingship (1996). My first lecturing job was at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, where I lived for a couple of years in a lovely (if crumbling) seaside house on the cliffs at Borth, looking out across the sands of Ynys Las towards Snowdonia. In 1997, I came to Corpus, as Fellow and Tutor in Medieval History, and I've been here ever since. I've had a lot to do with undergraduate admissions, both in the College and in the History Faculty, and I was Director of Graduate Studies in History 2016-18; I have sat on the Oxford Historical Monographs Committee and the editorial board of ‘The Fifteenth Century', and I am currently a Delegate of Oxford University Press; I was Senior Tutor at Corpus 2008-11, Vice-President 2014-17, and held a Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship, 2011-14. I was Chair of the History Faculty Board (Head of Department) from 2018 to 2021.
Research and Teaching
My main interest as a historian lies in the nature and workings of power, looking particularly at what might be called political structures - institutions, practices, ideas and languages - and their influence on individuals and groups. Most of my published work deals with English political life in the later middle ages, but I've also written a book on European politics in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, taking a positive line with this supposedly chaotic and violent period. My book on Henry VI, a famously useless king, who came to the throne as a baby and ruled with astonishing inertness for a further thirty-nine years, set out to consider the framework of ideas and principles that shaped the options of leading politicians as they dealt with the problem of an inadequate ruler. In a series of essays, I have written more widely on the political culture of later medieval England, paying particular attention to three themes: the changes to the political system that coincided with, and in some measure stemmed from, the Wars of the Roses; the relationship between the political hierarchy and the sizeable ‘public' created by spreading literacy, vernacular literature and the notion of a ‘commune'/'community'/'common weal'; and, latterly, the political impact of neo-classicism. My current projects are to write up the Lydon Lectures which I gave in Dublin in March 2022 on ‘Re-thinking the Wars of the Roses’, and to finish the New Oxford History of England volume, covering the years 1461-1547; I'm calling it ‘Renaissance England', and it is due at the press in the mid-2020s.
I teach British and European History between about 1000 and about 1550, including a ‘Further Subject’ on the Wars of the Roses. In Corpus, I also teach courses on historiography and political ideas. I supervise postgraduate students on a range of topics in later medieval history, both British and European.
'Ideas, Principles and Politics', in A. J. Pollard, ed., The Wars of the Roses (Basingstoke, 1995)
Henry VI and the Politics of Kingship (Cambridge, 1996)
The End of the Middle Ages? (ed.) (Stroud, 1998)
‘Looking for the State in Later Medieval England', in Heraldry, Pageantry and Social Display in Medieval England, ed. P. Coss and M. Keen (Woodbridge, 2002)
‘The Pressure of the Public on Later Medieval Politics', in The Fifteenth Century IV, ed. L. Clark and C. Carpenter (Woodbridge, 2004)
The Making of Polities: Europe, 1300-1500 (Cambridge, 2009)
Government and Political Life in England and France, c.1300-c.1500, with Chris Fletcher and Jean-Philippe Genet (Cambridge, 2015).
Renaissance College? Corpus Christi College, Oxford in Context, c.1450-1650 (Oxford, 2019).